Tools, Resources, and U3 Funding Opportunities

The resources below relate to research on health disparities and social determinants of health, and provide information on the importance of inclusion and representation in research.


  • NIH Inclusion Outreach Toolkit
    This toolkit serves as a resource for researchers to learn about the history of the inclusion of women and underrepresented populations in clinical research. It provides best practices, case studies, and other content to help advance inclusive participation in biomedical research.

  • PhenX Toolkit Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) Assessments Collection
    This resource contains a catalog of recommended measurement protocols developed by the scientific community via a consensus-based process to strengthen harmonization across studies. The Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) Collections provide common data elements specific to research on SDOH.


Women of Color Health Information Collection

Sex, gender, race, ethnicity, and other social, economic, and environmental factors influence vulnerability to and the impact of disease. In order to reduce illness, enhance health, and lengthen life, researchers collect data to help identify the ways in which different factors affect health. The resources below present information and data on specific health conditions, including diabetes and cardiovascular disease, by race and ethnicity.

  • Health of Women of U3 Populations Data Book, 5th Edition, 2024 (PDF - 45.4 MB)
    This edition of the Women of Color Health Data Book focuses specifically on the health of women of understudied, underrepresented, and underreported populations (U3), with particular attention to the ways in which socially determined categories and environments, systems, and policies intersect, resulting in different outcomes for individuals and communities.
  • Breast Cancer, 2014 (PDF - 614.4KB)
    Breast cancer is the most common form of cancer among women in the U.S. This publication presents information on preventive screening, access barriers, and breast cancer outcomes for women of color.
  • HIV Infection and AIDS, 2014 (PDF - 569.6KB)
    Although there has been an overall decline in HIV/AIDS-related death among women, it remains among the leading causes of death for women of color. This resource provides information on the impact of HIV/AIDS on women of color in the US.
  • Women of Color Health Data Book, 4th Edition, 2014 (PDF - 2.4MB)
    This resource provides information on the health of different populations of women in the U.S. using content from national health datasets.
  • Cardiovascular Disease, 2012 (PDF - 1.4MB)
    Across populations, heart disease is a leading cause of death for women in the United States. This publication presents data on cardiovascular disease among women of color.
  • Diabetes Mellitus, 2011 (PDF - 11.4MB)
    Although, diabetes mellitus can affect any segment of the population, it is one of the leading causes of serious complications, disability, and premature death among women of color in the United States. This publication presents data on the impact of diabetes on the health women.

Funding Opportunities

Understanding Chronic Conditions Understudied Among Women
ORWH recently released Notices of Funding Opportunities, Understanding Chronic Conditions Understudied Among Women, to support research on chronic conditions that affect women and individuals assigned female at birth. The purpose of this Notices of Funding Opportunity (NOFO) is to invite applications on chronic conditions understudied among women and/or that disproportionately affect populations of women who are understudied, underrepresented, and underreported in biomedical Research. The NOFOs align with Goal 1 of the 2019-2023 Trans-NIH Strategic Plan for Women's Health Research "Advancing Science for the Health of Women." 

Publications from U3 Supplement Awardees

Coming Soon

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