Cultural Competence

According to the Georgetown University National Center for Cultural Competence, “cultural influences” refer to the beliefs, values, traditions, and practices of a culture that, in the context of health care and medicine, define the health-related needs of individuals, families, and communities. These include the culturally based belief systems of the etiology of illness and disease, those related to health and healing, and attitudes towards seeking help from health care providers. According to the NIH Office of Behavioral and Social Sciences Research, “Social and cultural factors influence health by affecting exposure and vulnerability to disease, risk-taking behaviors, the effectiveness of health promotion efforts, and access to, availability of, and quality of health care.” 

Below are more resources from across NIH for researchers to understand and consider the importance of cultural competence to promote effective and culturally-informed recruitment and retention strategies:

Studies and Lectures on Cultural Competence