Office of Research on Women's Health (ORWH)
World AIDS Day: Research and Resources
U.S. Government HIV/AIDS Information
Information on Federal HIV policies, programs, funding, and other activities. Featured information includes the National HIV/AIDS Strategy (NHAS), Presidential Advisory Council on HIV/AIDS (PACHA) and the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR).
NIH Statement on World AIDS Day 2012
As the world’s leading funder of HIV/AIDS research, NIH is vigorously pursuing promising research in therapeutics, prevention (including efforts to develop a vaccine), and work toward a cure.
NIH/ORWH AIDS-Related Research
Vaginal topical microbicides for women-controlled and women-initiated prevention.
This year perhaps 2.5 million people will be added to the approximately 35 million already infected with HIV/AIDS, 50% of whom are women. Topical microbicides offer these women a means to prevent sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including HIV.
Effective female controlled microbicide using vaginal probitic flora.
Recently revised statistics show the number of individuals living with HIV at over 33 million worldwide, with 68% being in sub-Saharan Africa. Current HIV prevention methods, such as condom use, monogamy and abstinence, are not always feasible. The need for improved HIV preventative technologies remains urgent.
Effect of feeding buddies on adherence to WHO Prevention of maternal to child transmission of HIV (PMTCT) guidelines in South Africa
The 2010 revised WHO recommendations to provide antiretroviral (ARV) prophylaxis or treatment to mothers or infants during the breastfeeding period indicate a paradigm shift in PMTCT care and treatment programming. Yet despite South Africa's adoption of this guidance, myriad challenges currently exist.