Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH)
Toward More Individualized Medicine: Introducing the Women of Color Health Data Book, Fourth Edition
Posted March 9, 2015
Reprinted from the October 2014 issue of the Journal of Women’s Health. Written by Janine A. Clayton, M.D., Claudette E. Brooks, M.D., and Susan G. Kornstein, M.D.
Consider the following case study.
Daniela G., a 52-year-old moderately overweight Latina, arrives as a new patient at a family practice in her community. It is her first visit to the doctor since her youngest child was born 18 years earlier, thanks to newly acquired insurance coverage from the Affordable Care Act. Her complaints include difficulty seeing on the right side, mild headaches, and problems with concentration and writing.
What would be your first impression of this patient? Her vision and motor problems could be due to a fall, or they could be early signs of diabetes or hypertension-related stroke, both common in middle-age women with elevated body mass index. But as a woman of color, what features make Daniela unique with regard to health? How do race, ethnicity, and cultural influences affect the health of women of color like her in ways that might escape the attention of routine health care?
Recent Director’s Articles
Back to Basics: New Publishing Guidelines to Enhance Reproducibility and Relevance
Back in 1958, the prominent British statistician Sir David Cox summarized five requirements for “good” experimental design.
Stepping Stones to the Future
NIH is preparing to roll out a new policy on the consideration of sex in preclinical research. Science is better with both sexes, and our goal is to foster a thorough understanding of female and male biology.
About the ORWH Director
Janine Austin Clayton, M.D., was appointed Director for the NIH Office of Research on Women’s Health (ORWH) and Associate Director for NIH Research on Women’s Health by NIH Director Francis S. Collins, M.D., Ph.D., on September 4, 2012.
Dr. Clayton and ORWH in the News
- In a Nature Comment published on May 14, 2014, Dr. Francis Collins and Dr. Janine Clayton outlined NIH steps to address sex differences in preclinical research. This news was covered widely in the media. (May 2014)
- Labs Are Told to Start Including a Neglected Variable: Females , New York Times
- Medical research still short on inclusion of women , USA Today
- Needed: More Females in Animal and Cell Studies , Science magazine
- U.S. health agency to erase sex bias in biomedical studies , The Washington Post, The Chicago Tribune (Reuters)
- Mostly Male, Nature podcast , Nature
- More »